Discover Natural Egypt
A Red Sea diving holiday in Egypt is simply unforgettable. Well-established diving centres will gladly provide you with scuba diving information and arrange courses, daily excursions, and live-aboard trips to almost anywhere, from the gigantic coral outcrops of Taba to the vertical walls of Ras Mohammed, from the wrecks of Sha'ab Abu Nuhas to the lonely offshore islands of The Brothers and Zabargad. The Red Sea is dubbed Egypt’s “Garden of Allah”, due to the wealth of underwater pristine life.

The Egyptian Red Sea offers the world's best scuba diving: at only a few hours by plane from Europe, you find superb visibility (up to 50 metres), abundant and diverse fish life (over 1,000 species), countless varieties of hard and soft coral (over 400 species), year-round diving in comfortable water temperatures (18° to 26° Celsius), incredibly diverse underwater topography, spectacular wall and shipwreck destinations, sunny weather and pleasant air temperatures (18° to 40° Celsius), and easy access to diving locations. Browse through our Red Sea dive sites maps and you will be impressed by the range of diving possibilities.

It is no surprise therefore that Red Sea diving is one of the most sought-after holidays. Whether a hopeful wannabe or expert diver, eight year-old kid or sporting grandmother, diving can be experienced and enjoyed by nearly everyone.

The Red Sea is an enormous basin, 2350km (≈1400 miles) long by about 350km (≈220 miles) broad at its widest point, enclosed to the north by the Gulfs of Suez and Aqaba, and at its southernmost point the Bab el-Mandeb Strait, which is hundreds of metres deep. The sea is has a truly unique ecosystem, surrounded as it is, by red-hued bauxite mountains that some believe to be the origin of the name Mare Rostrum – the Red Sea. It was formed 25 million years ago by the separation of the African Continent from the Arabian Peninsula. It is distinguished by the volcanic activity in its shallows, its regular currents, the small tidal range, a salt content of 4.1% (the world’s seas average 3.2%), and a water temperature that drops only slightly in its depths.
The Red Sea has been a commercial highway between the East and the West since classical antiquity. Boats departed loaded with copper, pottery, and cloths to return laden with silks, spices, wood, and even elephants. The cutting of the Suez Canal in 1869 boosted and encouraged a tradition of many centuries of sailing, interspersed with shipwrecks and piratry. Today the Sea is an essential destination for divers the world over.

Over 250 species of coral exist in the Red Sea, 8% of which are endemic. The organism is made up of “heads” of polyps.
Half animal and half vegetable, the corals have invaded the reefs like an army of builders. When a colony dies, another starts building on its calcareous skeleton… But this activity can be misleading as, depending on the species, it only grows at a rate of a few millimetres or centimetres per year – so it takes thousands of years for the coral to carpet the seafloor and model out the relief.

With 1248 species, of which 17% are endemic, the Red Sea is like a magnificent aquarium, and its reefs are a haven for many species of fish. Some use them to hide from predators, others lay their eggs there, and for most the reefs are their feeding grounds.

There is a seemingly infinite aquatic palette of shapes, colours, spots, and stripes. But great care must be taken – it is forbidden to touch these creatures, and some of them can be dangerous. So, keep your hands out of harm’s way and concentrate on controlling your buoyancy instead!

Although they are rarely aggressive in the Red Sea, it must always be remembered that sharks are predators. Resist the temptation to provoke a reaction from reef and whitetip sharks, which are known for their curiosity and timidity, and the nurse sharks that skim the seafloor. The vast majority of sharks are found away from the reefs, like the curiously shaped hammerhead shark, or the leopard shark, with the same spots as his terrestrial counterpart, and less frequently you can encounter the oceanic whitetip shark (Longimanus) and the whale shark, the real colossi of the seas.

The wrecks provide the ideal environment for a whole range of different organisms: alcyonarians, fan corals, and stony corals can transform the rustiest of hulls into a wonderful garden that is home to shellfish, molluscs, parrotfish, and also morays, lionfish, and crocodilefish. But, the star of the wrecks is undoubtedly the grouper, the ever-present guardian of sunken ships.

With so much outstanding natural and man-made scenery to explore and such a welcoming climate, camping is a great way to see Egypt on your own.

You can spend your nights beneath the starlit skies of the Western Desert and then explore its lush oases : the Bahariya, the Farafra and the Dakhla, during the day. Or, if you're a die-hard explorer, you can brave the remote, rippling sandscapes of Great Sand Sea with its cool nights and spectacular views. The Nile is also a good place to pitch your tent in the shadows of the Pyramids.

Make sure you're fully stocked up on all the essentials, especially water.

Whether you're looking for mountains to climb or plains to trek, sands to stroll or oases to explore, Egypt's astonishing diversity of natural terrains and landscapes are the perfect ingredients for some truly memorable trekking.
The lush, green oases of the Western Desert : Bahariya, Farafra and Dakhla, are packed to the gills with historical gems from the Pharaonic, Graeco-Roman and Islamic Dynasties.

•If you're looking for open sands, the Great Sand Sea might be more your cup of tea. But if you're after a rockier ride, the mountainous peaks of the Sinai Peninsula or Jebel Uweinet are the best places to go.
•Test all your equipment before setting off.

Trekking locations :
You can trek almost anywhere you like. If you're looking for some culture along the way, the oases Bahariya, Farafra, Dakhla and Siwa are your best options. There are endless sandscapes in the Western and Eastern Deserts and in the Great Sand Sea on the Sahara. There are also mountains at Jebel Uweinat and at Sinai Peninsula

In Egypt you can combine bird watching with sightseeing as birds have always played important roles in both the secular and sacred spheres of Egyptian culture. Falcon, hawk and vulture-headed gods, the splendid frieze of the 'Medium Geese' and the heron-like Bennu bird (the Egyptian correspondence to the phoenix, a mythical sacred firebird), are only a few of over 76 bird species that can be identified in many other wall paintings, reliefs and artefacts.

Amateur ornithologists have been searching the skies for well over a century. With improved environmental protection and conservation, Egypt's national parks are a delight for budding bird watchers. Over 150 indigenous species of birds live all year round in Egypt and another 280 migrate from their winter homes to the Nile's fertile banks.

From the herons and flamingos of Lake Bardawil to the blue-cheeked bea eaters of Wadi Natrun, and from the songbirds and sunbirds of the lush Nile Valley to the ospreys and eagles of the Ras Mohammed National Park, there are endless opportunities for bird watching all along the Nile, the Suez, the Red Sea coast and Egypt's great lakes and oases.